Transportation and communication is the main life line of our national economy which helps in making the movement of people and goods easy from one place to another across the country as well as outside .It enhances the trade and commerce within country. It has helped to reduce the distance and brought the world closer. It increases the co-operation and assistance between the countries.

The growing importance of road transport because i) construction cost of roads is much lower than railways. ii) roads can transverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography iii) roads can be built at higher mountainous aera . iv ) road transport takes fewer persons and smaller amount of goods to short distance  v) provide door to door service low cost of loading and unloading vi) It act as a feeder to other modes of  transport services.

ROADWAYS: India has one of the largest road networks in the world of about 62.16 lakh km. The roads in India are classified into 6 category a) GOLDEN HIGHWAYS: It is a six Highway which connects DELHI- KOLKATA-CHENNAI -MUMBAI – DELHI. The north south corridors linking SRINAGAR (Jammu and Kashmir) to KANYAKUMARI (Tamil Nadu) the longest NH-44 running about 4112 km   the east to west corridors connecting SILCHE (Assam) to PORBANDAR (Gujarat) between the major objective of these superhighways is to reduce the time and distance the between mega cities of our country. These highways projects are being implemented by NHAI (National Highway Authority of India) b) NATIONAL HIGHWAYS: It links the extreme parts of the country, primary road system, these are constructed by CPWD means Central Public Works Department.  There are 599 national highways in India. c ) STATE HIGHWAYS: It links state capital with different districts headquarters constructed and maintained by Public Works Department (PWD) d) by Gram DISTRICTS ROADS: It establish link between districts headquarters with other places of districts maintained by Zila Parishad. e) OTHER ROADS; These roads link the rural aera and village with towns maintained by Grameen Sadak Yojana. f) BRODER ROADS: These roads are constructed at the border aera of the country and maintained by government of India undertaken by Broder Road Organisation  which was established in 1960 for the development of roads with strategic importance in the north and north east border aera of difficult terrain and help in the economic growth.

RAILWAY: Railways are the principal mode of transportation for freight and passengers India. Railways conduct multi furious activities like business, sightseeing pilgrimage and transportation of goods over long distance. It had been a great integrating force  for more than 150 years which bind economic life of the country and accelerate the development of industry and agriculture. The distribution pattern has been influenced by physiographic, administrative and economic factors. The northern plain with large population density, rich agricultural resources provide the most favourable condition for growth, bridges are constructed on large number of rivers railway tracts are laid through low hills tunnels  but construction on the Himalayas Mountain range is difficult due to high relief, less population and lack of economic development. Gujarat, forest tracks of MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand are the swamp, the sandy plains of Rajasthan the railway tracks cannot be laid. Sahyadri could be crossed through tunnels. the great development has been made in KONKAN railway along with west coast has given the facility for the movement of passengers, goods, there has been sinking of tracks due to landslides.

PROBLEM OF RAILWAYS: Many of the passengers travel without tickets, theft, railway property is damaged, chain pulling causes heavy damage to railways.

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